Throwback Thursday: The Opening Of Wrigley Field

It is well known that Wrigley Field is one of the oldest stadiums in all of a American sports. However what is probably a little less known is that Wrigley Field was not originally intended for the Cubs. Wrigley Field first opened its doors in 1914 when it was called Weeghman Park.

The area occupied by the stadium was originally settled by the Chicago Lutheran Theological Seminary. Surrounding it was Eliza Hall, the presidents house, St. Marks Church and other buildings. Early as 1905 rumors of the minor league American Association planned to franchise in Chicago. With the Sox on the south side and the Cubs in the west at West Side Park, the Northside was ideal. After construction of the first elevated train lines leading to thr northside, the Lutheran seminary abandonned their expansion projects seeking quieter environments and sold their property to AA owners.

The presidents house (right) is near location to to the present day Wrigley Scoreboard and centerfield bleachers. Eliza Hall (center) locates todays left field bleachers.

As the AA owners failed to capitlize on their efforts to franchise, Charles Weeghman aquired a 90 year lease on the land. He built Weegham Park soon after for the Chicago Whales, the baseball team he owned. However the Federal Baseball League folded at the end of the 1915 season as well. The Chicago Cubs started playing at the stadium the very next season.

In 1920 the stadium was renamed to Cubs Park. A year later in 1921 William Wrigley Jr. took complete control of ownership of the Cubs. Soon after he would rename the field to its current namesake, Wrigley Field, in 1927.

During the stadium’s first season under the rebranding over 1 million fans flocked to Wrigley to watch the Cubs play. The franchise became the first National League team to ever achieve that feat. Making this fest all the more impressive was the fact that the upper deck was not even finished at that point. In 1929, the Cubs put together one of the best batting lineups in baseball history and attendance rose to over 1.5 million as a result. For the next 17 seasons, that stood as a record.

Many years and many renovations later Wrigley Field still stands loud and proud as the home of Chicago Cubs baseball. Though it does not have quite the same look as it did in the 20’s and 30’s, it indeed has never lost its charm as one of America’s most iconic sports venues. That it shall remain for many years to come.

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Throwback Thursday: The World’s First Skyscraper

Chicago has long been well known for its stunning skylines and innovative take on architecture. However what few people know is that Chicago is actually the birthplace of the modern day skyscraper.

Designed by architect William Le Baron Jenney in 1884, The Home Insurance Building opened its doors a year later at the intersection of LaSalle and Adams. Consisting of 10 stories and standing at 138 feet in height, The Home Insurance Building has come to be known as the world’s first skyscraper. It was the first building of its kind whose frame held structural steel, though the majority of it consisted of wrought iron and cast.

Historians attribute the construction of The Home Insurance Building to the architectural boom that took place in Chicago after the Great Fire of 1871. As a result of the aforementioned fire, 3.3 square miles of the cityscape was left destroyed, and since the majority of its buildings back then were made of wood, nearly all of them burned down in the flames. With the majority of the city rotting in rubble, Chicago underwent one of the most famous architectural booms in history; one that would spur its economy as well as reshape the cities’ architectural outlook.

Replacing the wood structures that stood on Chicago’s grounds before the fire, the newer buildings were made out of stone, steel and iron. Building in this manner was considered to be ahead of its time and The Home Insurance Building served as a prime example of this new style of architecture. The Home Insurance Building became one of Jenney’s crowning architectural achievements, and it also spawned an entire generation of architects and engineers dubbed as “The Chicago School.”

This generation, which consisted of famous architects such as Daniel Burnham, continued to lay the groundwork for what the modern day skyscraper would eventually become. Though New York City eventually surpassed Chicago as the hub of architectural innovation, Chicago remains as the city that laid the groundwork for any and all innovation that followed. Chicago will forever remain the birthplace of the modern day skyscraper. Sadly, The Home Insurance Building was demolished in 1931 and the LaSalle Bank Building now stands in its place.

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Throwback Thursday: the Rolling Stones Record in Chicago

Chicago is a dynamic city filled with all kinds of draw ins from its history, architecture and especially music. Birthplace of house music, countless talented artists and jive with a bustling blues culture here in particular, it welcomes quite a variety of icons and artists to the city for its inspiring quality and treasure troves of figure heads to work. This weeks Throwback Thursday for June we remember the Rolling Stones passing through Chicago to leave their mark in music history!

When Starting their first tour in the United States the Rolling Stones first arrive in New York, June 1st, 1964;just a few months after the Beatles make their US debut. Following a few radio and television appearances and live performances the Stones note the absolute highlight of their trip: Recording at Chess Records on Michigan Ave. Owned by two Polish brothers Leonard and Phil Chess, it is home to many legendary blues artists such as Willie Dixon, Howlin’ Wolf, Chuck Berry, Buddy Guy, Bo Diddley, and most notably Muddy Waters. These Chicago Blues artists have been the driving force in the creation of the Rolling Stones. It is there they recorded some of their first hit singles to top American charts, already being popular in England.

June 10th, 1964 the Rolling Stones land in Chicago to record in the US for the first time at Chess Records Studio, the leading Blues recording label in the 50’s and 60’s. Legend has it that Muddy Waters was there himself to help the artists unpack. “2120 South Michigan Ave was hallowed ground. We got there on a last-minute arrangement by Andrew Oldham (manager)”, Keith Richards wrote in Life Magazine. “There in the perfect sound studio, in the room where everything we listened to was made, perhaps out of relief or just the fact that people like Buddy Guy, Chuck Berry and Willie Dixon were wandering in and out, we recorded 14 tracks in two days“. The studio would be later immortalized by the dedicated song 2120 South Michigan Ave.

It was in these two days their EP Five by Five and much of their second studio album 12×5, that both featured the address title track, were recorded. Keith Richards was quoted saying, “Everyone in England at the time was incapable… No one could get a really good funky American sound which is what WE were after. The best move we could possibly do was get to America as quickly as possible and record there”. Coming out of the sessions also is their hit single Its All Over Now that claimed their name to fame in the US. Other notable songs would include Time Is on My Side, Look What You Done and Down the Road Apiece. They would later return to Chess months later in November 1964, during their second US tour, where Kieth Richards lays down the riff to the legendary (I Can’t Get No) Satisfaction.

Between sessions the Rolling Stones hold a press conference June 11 on Michigan Ave in front of the Tribune building. Mick Jagger was noted stating, “We have changed a bit since we got famous. I mean, how would you like to sing the same seven numbers every night? I may not be much of a singer but there is no artistry in that. Still, we do have fun as well“. Police later arrived to break up the press conference but not before jeering, “Get outta here or I’ll lock up the whole goddamned bunch“. The Rolling Stones never returned to Chess Record but held a big roll in bringing the Chicago Blues sound to mainstream audiences.

Rolling Stones in font of Tribune Building

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Throwback Thursday: Chicago’s First “L” Service

Thus begins the weekly historical section of Ever Evolved popularly titled Throwback Thursday. We will use this section every week to highlight a specific historical event pertinent to the city’s upbringing and colorful past.

On June 6th 1892 the private company Chicago and South Side Rapid Transit (later renamed South Side Elevated Railroad) conducted their first ever L ride that morning at 7AM. The trains spanned from Congress to 39th street, now the south section of the Green Line, and extended to Jackson Park shortly after. The portion of the elevated line that ran between State and Wabash became to be known as the Alley “L”.

South Side Elevated Railroad Train at Indiana Ave Station

The early train car models featured wooden varnished and cushioned seats. Rides cost a nickel, ran for 24 hours, were lit by gas lamps and the steam-powered locomotives pulled the trains. Customers would have to deal with some steam, smoke and cinders from the engine but this was normal for the time period and the technology.

In fear of people falling of the platforms and onto the tracks they installed railings. Unfortunately these were cumbersome and did not always line up with the trains sliding into the station. After a short while they were removed. The Lake Street Elevated Railroad, today as the west section of the Green Line, was completed a year after just in time for the 1893 Worlds Fair held in Chicago.

Lake Street Elevated Railroad train pulled by steam-powered locomotive

In 1895 the Metropolitan West Side Elevated Railroad added their services to Logan Square, Humbolt Park (demolished), Garfield Park (replaced) and Douglas Park areas branching off from downtown Chicago. Parts of this line is used now as the Blue and Pink Lines. It is the first of Chicago’s transit lines to be electrically powered and the first non-exhibition rapid transit system powered by electric traction motors in the United States. This technology was demonstrated on the “intramural railway” at the World Fair in Chicago.

The Northwestern Elevated Railroad emerged in 1900 with the original deadline being 1899 but construction temporarily halted two years prior due to financial backing issues. After an inaugural run declaring it unsafe, the company defiantly ran a train to the Loop, transferring onto Lake Street Elevated to avoid police. Eventually the company and the city reached an agreement. This line ran from the Loop to Wilson with a branch extending to Ravenswood and Albany Park. The branch now operates as the Brown Line while the main line to Wilson operates as the Red and Purple.

Chicago Rapid Transit Map

The merging of the South Side Elevated, Lake Street Elevated, Metropolitan West Side and Northwestern Elevated Railroad private companies created the Chicago Elevated Railways Collateral Trust (CER). Laying down the ground work for Chicago Rapid Trasit Company (CRT) in 1924, they continued under private ownership. After the opening of the subway system in 1943, by 1947 it merged into the Chicago Transit Authority (CTA) we know today following a public takeover. Since its start over, 125 years later the CTA sees more than a million riders daily and has a combined 224.1 miles of rail. The rails are now electric, cleaner, and quieter.

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THROWBACK THURSDAY: A TRIBE CALLED QUEST

tribe called quest 4

Four Guys (Left to Right) Ali Shaheed Muhammad, Q-Tip, Phife Dawg and Jarobi wore hip Afrocentric clothes and rhymed to jazz infused beats, formed a phenomenal hip-hop group A Tribe Called Quest in 1985. QUEST was the original name of the group but was later given the prefix A Tribe Called by their high school friends.

ATCQ formed a crew with House music group Jungle Brothers and hip-hop group De La Soul, called The Native Tongues. Because of their live energy during performances, they created a buzz in the city of Brooklyn, New York which led them to get signed with Jive Records in 1989. This began the journey of a rap group prodigy for the 1990’s decade.

A Tribe Called Quest made it popular to talk about social issues that could be related to young African Americans such as sex, politics, relationships, stealing your parents car to joy ride and also the use of the N word. while still having fun encouraging positivity through it all. Unlike other hip-hop groups at the time ATCQ was in their own lane. They greeted jazz with bass-heavy rhythmic vibes and eclectic sampling. They have several memorable songs including Bonita Applebum, Can I Kick It and (above) I Left my Wallet in El Segundo. When you listen to ATCQ music what message do you get from the song? How does the beat make you feel?

At this current time, A Tribe Called Quest is still performing at some events, making appearances with their old school friend’s on stage (Busta Rhymes, De La Soul) and new school artist as well. On November 13, 2015 they released a special 25th anniversary edition collection of the group’s classic debut album People’s Instinctive Travels And The Paths of Rhythm.

The album is a cool artsy looking trunk filled with remastered original tapes re-released with exclusive new remixes by a few of today’s biggest hip-hop artists who have credited A Tribe Called Quest as a major creative influence. Unfortunately it has sold out everywhere at this point so you may have to borrow a friends. Until then they are on social media so follow them below. It’s the Tribe Yall! Real Live Yall!

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THROWBACK THURSDAY: MADONNA

Chime For Change: The Sound Of Change Live Concert In Twickenham

Everyone knows who Madonna is right? Sure you do! If not she is an Pop singer,songwriter, dancer,actress, fashion icon, innovator, business woman, culture shocker and last but not least  a mother of four. Madonna’s career surfaced in 1982 with her debut single “Everybody”  that was a hit in the New York dance Club scene. It shot up to #3 on the Billboard dance charts, after that nothing was ever the same. An ICON was born. Madonna is 58 years old and still showing us what she’s got up her sleeve.

Madonna has had several songs such as “Like A Virgin”, “Material Girl”, “Live to Tell”, “Papa Don’t Preach” even “Vogue” above reach to #1 on the Billboard charts throughout her music career in the 80’s and 90’s. She also has acting in her blood as she has had roles in films, “Desperately seeking Susan”, Sexual documentary “Truth or Dare”,”A League of Their Own” and many more.

Madonna is currently still touring for her latest album, titled Rebel Heart, that was released on March 10, 2015. She is currently in Mexico on this day and the tour will end in March 2016.  Madonna is an Icon because she achieved popularity by pushing the boundaries of lyrical content in mainstream popular music and imagery in her music videos.

Controversy is her middle name, she humped the stage in a wedding dress during the MTV awards while performing “Like A Virgin”. Madonna is known for reinventing both her music and image, and for maintaining her freedom within the music industry. She is a all about Love and a popular figure still in today’s pop culture. To keep up with this lady, follow her on her social media pages below!

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THROWBACK THURSDAY: U2

U2

U2 is a group rock band that formed in Dublin, Ireland in the late 1970’s, a time before  most of us reading this were even thought of. U2 formed in 1978 when drummer Larry Mullen posted a note on a bulletin board looking to form a band. The members are Bono (Lead vocals and guitar), The Edge (Guitar), Adam Clayton (Bass guitar)  and Larry Mullen Jr. (Drums). This Irish rock band started out with a  post-punk sound then exalted to many other genres of popular music.  U2 has many different elements in music that target spirituality, philosophy, human rights, inspiration,sociopolitical themes and personal subjects.

A “Song for Someone” is the third single from U2’s latest album, Songs of InnocenceA tender song of awkward first love that is about Bono’s wife Ali; the couple first met when they were teenagers. “If there is a kiss I stole from your mouth,” he sings. “And there is a light, don’t let it go out.” They are still married to this day.

In their many of years of success, U2 has sold millions of albums with #1 albums in the U.S. and in the United Kingdom. They have earned Grammy awards, collaborated/wrote for many other musicians and joined soundtracks for major films (Batman Forever). They are also activist in many organizations for different countries all over the world.

U2 just finished their Innocence and Experience 2015 Tour . It opened in Vancouver, Canada in May and came to an end in Paris, France on December 7th just in time for the Holidays! U2 is still alive and kicking, listen to their lyrics to understand who they are. Still don’t know who they are? Follow them on all their social media pages or Ask your parents!

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ThrowBack Thursday: Tupac Shakur

 

2PAC

“You know what? Last time you said that, I was kinda trippin’, right? But now, you’re right. I am crazy. And you know what else? I don’t give a fuck”. – Bishop

This is a quote from Tupac’s character  Bishop from the 1992 movie “Juice” which starred this legendary Rap/Hip-Hop Artist. It has currently been slated that music video and film director Benny Boom will be the new director of the biopic “TUPAC” that is said to be released in Theaters in 2016. Before we all see the movie next year, here’s some facts on 2Pac before and after his death.

Recording Artist 2Pac was born on June 16, 1971 in New York City. Shakur’s parents were both members of the Black Panther Party. His parents militant style and influential beliefs for civil rights eventually stuck within Pac which also nursed his inspiring music. At the age of 13 and Tupac enrolled in the Baltimore School of the Arts before dropping out at 17. Shakur broke into the music business with rap group Digital Underground as a back-up dancer, rapper and roadie. At the 2:20 mark, 2Pac shares his verse in the “Same Song” tune.  Eventually Shakur released his first solo album in ’91, 2pacalypse Now,which faced social issues in America such as, racism, police brutality, poverty, black on black crime, and teenage pregnancy.

While he was most famous for his rap career, 2Pac was also a gifted actor, poet and a thoughtful outspoken advocate for the poor and the overlooked people in America. 2Pac’s unapologetic lyrics were relevant, important, and reflective of the hard lives led by many. His music earned attention and respect through a poetic style that embraced street vocabulary while being innovative. Tupac leaves a legacy of honest passion in his songs despite his run in’s with the law, East-Coast West- coast beef with another famed Rapper Notorious B.I.G. and his untimely death on September 13, 1996. He is respected by many and has become an inspiration for artists and a standard in rap music history.

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THROWBACK THURSDAY!

BLUR

Ever Evolved writers Will, Shelley and Lizzethe will now be kicking off our Throwback Thursday journey. We will be posting Throwback’s that will definitely bring nostalgia to Everyone. First up is Me  Shelley and my Throwback is Blur “Song 2”

I got my head checked… By a jumbo jet…. It wasn’t easy… But nothing is…

Song 2” is a song by England rock band Blur, The hook starts with lead singer Damon Albarn yelling “woo-hoo!” as the distorted bass comes in. It was Released in April 1997, “Song 2” and climbed all the way to #6 on US Billboard Alternative Songs.

At the 1997 MTV Video Music Awards, “Song 2” was nominated for Best Group Video, and Best Alternative Video. Blur wanted the theme of the song to be Grunge which was very popular in the 90’s. In 2002 one of the members left the band and all the members decided to work on other projects. Blur reunited in 2009 releasing several singles, retrospective compilations, and toured internationally. To this day “Song 2”  was nonetheless their biggest hit in the United States. The song has often been featured in pop culture.

Hope you guys enjoy our post WHOO HOO!

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